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太原百科网 2022-07-02 450 10

同位语从句的用法复习知识点精析精练

同位语从句的用法复习知识点精析精练
1、同位语从句说明其前面的名词的具体内容。同位语从句通常由that引导,可用于同位语从句的名词有advice、demand、doubt、fact、hope、idea、information、message、news、order、problem、promise、question、request、suggestion、truth、wish、word等。例如:
The news that we won the game is exciting. 我们赢得这场比赛 的消息令人激动。
I have no idea when he will come back home. 我不知道他什么时候回来。
The thought came to him that Mary had probably fallen ill. 他想到可能玛丽生病了。
同位语从句和定语从句的区别: 
that作为关系代词,可以引导定语从句,充当句子成分,在从句中作宾语时可以省略; that引导同位语从句时,起连词的作用,没有实际意义,不充当句子成分,一般不能省略。 
试比较下面两个例句: 
I had no idea that you were here.(that引导同位语从句,不能省略)

 Have you got the idea(that)this book gives you of life in ancient Greece?(that引导定语从句,作宾语,可以省略)

高中英语单词表3500词必背
英语单词记忆法
人教版初中英语单词

2、简介
同位语部 分是个句子,就是同位语从句,这种用法比较"固定",把关键的几个词背下来. 
一、在复合句中用作同位语的从句叫同位语从句。它一般跟在某些名词后面,用以说明该名词表示的具体内容。如: 
I heard the news that our team had won.我听到了我们队获胜的消息。 
I had no idea that you were here.我不知道你在这里。 
二、可以跟同位语从句的名词通常有news,idea,fact,promise,question,doubt,thought,hope,message,suggestion,words(消息),possibility等。如: 
I’ve come from Mr wang with a message that he won’t be able to see you this afternoon. 我从王先生那里来,他让我告诉你他今天下午不能来看你了。 
三、英语中引导同位语从句的词通有连词 that,whether,连接副词 how,when,where等。(注:if,which 不能引导同位语从句。)如: 
l have no idea when he will be back.我不知道他什么时候回来。 
He must answer the question whether he agrees to it or not. 
他必须回答他是否同意这样一个问题。 
四、有时同位语从句可以不紧跟在说明的名词后面,而被别的词隔开。 如: 
Several years later,word came that Napoleon himself was coming to inspect them. 
几年以后,有消息传来说拿破仑要亲自视 察他们。 
The thought came to him that maybe the enemy had fled the city. 
他突然想起可能敌人已经逃出城了。

1._______ surprised me most was ________ such a little boy of seven could play the violin so well.      
A. That...what B. What...that C. That...which D. What...which
2. We gave him ________ help we could.   
A. which B. what C. that D. this
3. She is pleased with what you have given him and ________ you have told him.
 A. that   B. which   C. all what   D. all that 
4. Excuse me would you please tell me ________ 
A. when the sports meet is taken place         B. when is the sports meet going to be held
C. when is the sports meet to begin            D. when the sports meet is to take place
5. Do you happen to know ________ 
 A. what size shoes he wears    B. how big shoes he wears
 C. what is the size of his shoes  D. what number shoes are his
6. This book will show you ________ can be used in other contexts.
A. how you have observed    B. how what you have observed
C. that you have observed     D. how that you have observed
7. Where do you think ________    
A. has he gone   B. has he been   C. he's gone   D. was he
8. Do you know ________ 
A. how many populations there are in the world  B. how much population there is in the world
C. how many the population of the world is     D. what the population of the world is
9. Would you go and see ________ outside       A. what to take place B. what Tom has happened  C. what is happening D. what the matter had been
10. The subject of "What is interesting is that I do not even know him." is_______.
A. what B. interesting C. What is interesting D. I
答案
1-5.BBDDA 6-10.BCDCC 

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